The shape of Mount Kinabalu is unique and stark contrast with other surrounding mountains in South East Asia.
Kinabalu is located at the Crocker Mountains, a range of mountains largely below 1000 m with a few peaks up to 2500 m. It is composed mainly of granite that formed by melting of rocks deep in the crust about eight million years ago.
Mount Kinabalu actually was covered by an ice cap and the movement of glacial has eroded the underlying granite rock at different stages and directions. On the other hand, the jagged peaks at the plateau experienced freeze- thaw action that produce shattered fragments.
Mount Kinabalu consist of 3 big plateaus which are Western Plateau, Eastern Plateau, and Northern Plataeu. There are 23 peaks that are located at the 3 plateaus which are Lows Peak, Victoria Peak, St. Johns Peak, Alexandra Peak, Kinabalu South Peak, King George Peak, Mesilau Peak, St. Andrews Peak, West Peak, Dewali Peak, No Name Peak, Noudai Peak, Tsukushi Peak, Ugly Sister Peak, Donkey Ears Peak, Mushroom Peak, Tunku Abdul Rahman Peak, King Edward Peaks Peak, Phallus Peak, Gully Peak, Cirque Peak, North Peak and Oyoyubi Iwu Peak.
There are several prominent peaks that I managed to take the photos and several others that I have to outsource. Haha.
The highest peak is Lows Peak which is 4095m and it is a must for everyone to take the photo at the signage. You may easily spot the peak as it is usually flooded with the hikers. Anyhow, it is actually less stand out when you walk at the plateau and you need to further walk to get to the peak.
For me, it was quite tough to get on the Lows Peak as the terrain is steep and rocky.
This is the second-highest peak which is at 4091m but there are some arguments that claimed it is the highest peak as there is a small horn on top of the peak.
This peak is located at the western plateau and it is not accessible to humans.
ST JOHN PEAK
St John Peak is one of the most prominent peaks as it is located just beside Lows Peak and it is one of the highest which is 4091m. It is located at Western Plateau.
The interesting about St. John Peak is the unique formation of the face of an ape at one side of the peak. It is well visible in the early morning when the peak started to illuminate the peak.
This is the most popular peak even though it is not the highest. The height of the peak is 3922m.
This peak is very popular because it is depicted in the RM 1 note. In addition, I think it is the most photographed peak because the position of the peak is the best for your photo and it so contradicts with Lows Peak where the only spot that attracts the hikers is at the signboard at the top.
DONKEY EARS PEAK
This peak is actually an icon to Mount Kinabalu and easily recognised due to its shape. It is located at Eastern Plateau at 4054 m. The peak got its name due to the resemblance to the donkey ears as it is actually a twin peak.
The peaks were badly damaged during earthquake 2015 that struck Ranau as one of the peaks collapsed. Nonetheless, the peaks are still hold its resemblance to donkey ears.
TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PEAK
Tunku Abdul Rahman peak is the first peak that you should notice once you passed Sayat-Sayat Checkpoint. The height of the peak is 3948m and it is located at Eastern Plateau.
UGLY SISTER PEAK
Ugly Sister Peak is a small peak located at right-hand side of Donkey Ears Peak with a height of 4,062 m. It is located at Eastern Plateau. Many people are wondering about the name and what I heard from local is this is due to the peak looks like someone with a large forehead, a small nose and a very big mouth. Actually I don’t see it. Maybe I need to look closer. Haha
This peak is located at Western Plateau with a height of 4003 m.
This peak got its name due to its shape like thumb. Thumb in Japanese is Oyayubi. The height of the peak is 3975 m. There is one small hut in front of the peak named Gurkha Hut.